During the operation stage of the life of an industrial estate there will be possible impacts from:
Pollution, health hazards and nuisance to workers and affected residents and other land users,
Occupational health impacts to workers on the industrial estate,
Inadequate operation and management - the lack of proper procedures management and training of personnel can greatly exacerbate the level of hazard and occupational health impacts..
Monitoring during the operation of the life of housing estates is closely linked with management and public participation of concerned residents and this is discussed in Chapter 5.
Monitoring for the environmental impacts involved in town service provision (sewerage treatment and solid waste disposal) and occupational health issues are covered in other sector guidelines and the reader is referred to them.
All separate industrial project on an industrial estate will have to submit to the relevant EPA for an individual Operating Approval. Each industry will have to comply with the National Environmental Quality Standards for effluents and gaseous emissions. The effluent emissions from the treatment facilities of the industrial estate itself will also have to meet NEQS.
The list of environmental legislation and regulatory requirements in Pakistan, and the NEQS will be provided in a new document entitled “Sectoral Guidelines for Environmental Reports - Regulatory Requirements and NEQS”. The reader of this draft will find this material as an Appendix to Major Thermal Power Stations at present.
Some of the NEQS levels are currently undergoing revision and as updates are made available these guidelines will be amended.
The requirements represent the basic minimum standards that should apply to all projects. More stringent emission requirements will be appropriate if the environmental assessment indicates that the benefits of additional pollution controls as reflected by ambient exposure levels and by other indicators of environmental damage outweigh the additional costs involved.
MONITORING MANAGEMENT AND TRAINING
The potential for impacts in townships schemes is large and it is important that baseline conditions are determined at the earliest possible time i.e. prior to the design stage of the project. Data should be collected with respect to each significant impact identified and it will then be possible to confirm predicted impacts and ensure mitigation measures are acceptable.
Baseline data collection methodology is covered in Section 3.4 of the "Guidelines for the Preparation and Review of Environmental Reports".
Construction monitoring and reporting
Monitoring should be restricted to what is essential to protect the environment. The list of environmental parameters to be monitored should be specified. The design and management for a monitoring plan is discussed in Section 5.2 of the "Guidelines for the Preparation and Review of Environmental Reports".