Guatemala moved into the 60’s with robust economic growth, a diversifying economy and a military government.
 Note the story of US involvement in Guatemala since the “liberation” of 1954… essentially, by the 1960s the US government had become an important constituent of the military: what the US government thought mattered.
 While the US provided aid for civic action projects (roads, schools, health clinics) the military rooted itself in all social institutions.
 As the military became more bold and open, the opposition came to the conclusion that the electoral process was impotent and that reform was only possible through armed struggle.
 Guerrilla groups formed as did right-wing vigilante terrorist groups in response… thus began the 36 year civil war (bloodiest period from 78 to 83) and the beginning of the “disappearances” in Latin America.
 You can read the details on pages 193 to 200.