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Economic Development of Central America Econ. 4200 - Spring 2004 – Dr. Taylor - page 108 / 153

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The Guard launched a violent campaign to destroy popular support for the FSLN… which perversely led to an increase in support and recruitment by the FSLN.

The Church was an outspoken opponent to Somoza regime… led by Archbishop Miguel Obando y Bravo. Note: The Church was not a supporter of the FSLN.

Richard Nixon’s foreign policy was on the whole based on “low profile” and “benign neglect’… with the exception of Chile and Nicaragua. Throughout the period the US increased financial support of Somoza regime.

Earthquake in 1972… epicenter was under Managua… the social control mechanism became immobilized… and when order began to be restored it became clear the Somoza and the National Guard were using the situation to enhance their wealth and political power.

All Nicaraguans outside the Somoza camp were coming to the same conclusion: Somoza had to go.

Starting in 1974, after a bold move by the FSLN under Daniel Ortega, the country slid into four years of brutal civil war.

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