Their leader Violeta Chamorro became president yet had to work with a National Assembly that continued to be dominated by the FSLN.
 Bush the first was president in the US and immediately after the elections ended the embargo, provided additional aid and credit and stopped supporting the Contras. Still, since 1990 US aid to Nicaragua has been minimal.
 Politics were difficult during the 1990s in Nicaragua due to fractured alliances and with tensions caused by the return of ex-Contra soldiers and the demobilization of the FSLN military. During the decade little progress was achieved in reforming state institutions or in implementing social policy initiatives.
 The 1980s dawned with the military still in control of the institutions of government.
 Elections closely supervised.
 The decade was dominated by war in all neighboring countries… this this often spilling onto Honduran territory.