The Sandinistas were concerned with the east coast's history of rebelliousness and separatism, and they were attracted by the economic potential of the region (palm oil and rubber).
 Accordingly, they hastily devised a bold campaign to unify the region with the rest of the nation. Roads, communications, health clinics, economic development, and a literacy campaign for local inhabitants were planned. The Sandinistas, in defiance of local customs, also tried to organize the local population into mass socialistic formations.
 It was believed in Managua that such groups would unite the people behind the government and the Revolution and facilitate the economic, political, and social unification of the region. In general, the attempt failed and regional tensions within Nicaragua persist to this day.
 It was the critical state of the Nicaraguan economy that in large measure brought the Sandinistas down in the elections of 1990.