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Economic Development of Central America Econ. 4200 - Spring 2004 – Dr. Taylor - page 65 / 153

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To counterbalance the violence, once guerrillas were cleared from an area, the government implemented an "Aid Program to Areas in Conflict." Credit was offered to small farmers to boost food production in order to meet local demand, and displaced and jobless people were enrolled in food-for-work units to build roads or other public projects.

By the mid-1980s, most of the guerrillas' military organizations had been destroyed… although the civil war simmered for almost another decade.

There was some hope for improvement in 1993, in the wake of the ouster of President Jorge Serrano, whose attempt to emulate the "self-coup" of Peru's Alberto Fujimori failed. Guatemala's next president, Ramiro de Leon Carpio, was a human-rights activist who was sharply critical of security forces in their war against the guerrillas of the Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity (URNG).

In July 1993, de Leon announced a new set of proposals to bring to an end the decades of bloodshed that had resulted in at least 140,000 deaths.

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