In 1939 Germany was the biggest European importer of coffee from Central America. When the US entered WWII in late 1941, who’s side did the Central America countries align themselves with? Why?
Note… it was in the 1940s that rapid emigration from the country to the cities began in the region. It also marks the beginning of a significant white-collar, middle-class (though still politically unorganized and weak).
1944 marked the end of the war and the establishment of certain factors that would dominate the Central American landscape until the 1990s.
- Cold War: US… large scale foreign aid to friendly (i.e. anticommunist) regimes.
- Encouragement of economic development: UN Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLA or CEPAL); the World Bank. Based on belief at time that progress is fundamentally a technical rather than social process.