X hits on this document





9 / 10


nisms to fatigue improvement described above.


The influence of microstructure on the fatigue crack propagation behavior of gas metal arc welds and base metals of 316L and AL6XN austenitic stainless steel has been investigated using conventional fa- tigue testing and constant DK testing pro- cedures. The following conclusions can be drawn from this research:

1) Large grain sizes in both the weld metal and base metal produce a rough fracture surface that leads to improved fa- tigue resistance.

2) The observed improvement in fa- tigue resistance occurs at low stress inten- sity ranges when the plastic zone size is ap- proximately equal to or less than the grain size.

3) The improved fatigue resistance with increasing grain size can be attributed to three main factors: 1) a tortuous crack path that requires formation of a larger surface area for a given length of crack propagation, 2) crack growth out of the Mode I plane, which reduces the stress in- tensity range available for crack growth, and 3) roughness induced closure that shields the crack from part of the applied load.

4) Quantitative estimates of the DK level below which grain size effects are ex- pected to occur are in reasonable agree- ment with the observed experimental re- sults.


funding for this research. The authors would also like to acknowledge Mike Rex, John Gregoris, and Gene Kozma at Lehigh University for assistance with fa- tigue crack propagation sample prepara- tion and testing and Arlan Benscoter for assistance with metallography. The au- thors also gratefully acknowledge Ravi Menon of Stoody Company for prepara- tion of the welds.


1. James, L. A. (A) 1973. Crack propagation behavior in Type 304 stainless steel weldments at elevated temperature. Welding Journal 52: 173-s to 179-s.

2. James, L. A., and Mills, W. J. 1987. Fa- tigue crack propagation behavior of Type 316 (16-8-2) weldments at elevated temperature.

elding Journal 66: 229-s to 234-s. 3. Provenzano, V., Hawthorne, J. R., and Sprague, J. A. 1978. Properties of steel weld- ments for elevated temperature pressure con- tainment applications. Ed. G. V Smith, The American Society of Mechanical Engineers: New York, pp. 63–75.

4. Shahinian, P., Smith, H. H., and Hawthorne, J. R. 1972. Fatigue crack propaga- tion in stainless steel weldments at high tem-


elding Journal 51: 527-s to 532-s.

5. Raske, D. T., and Cheng, C. F. 1977. Nu- clear Technology 34: 101–110.

6. Hawthorne, J. R. 1978. Naval Research Laboratory Report 8201.

7. Lloyd, G. J., and Walls, J. D. 1980. Engi- neering Fracture Mechanics 13: 897–911.

    • 8.

      Pickard, A. C., Ritchie, R. O., and Knott,

  • J.

    F. 1975. Metals Technology 2: 253–263.

    • 9.

      Dowse, K. R., and Richards, C. E. 1971.

Metallurgical Transactions 2: 599–603.


  • 11.

    Shih, Y. W., Chen, B. Y., and Zhang, J.

    • X.

      1990. Engineering Fracture Mechanics 36:


12. Kusko, C. S., DuPont, J. N., and Marder,

A. R. 2004

2003. To be published elding Journal.




13. Banovic, S. W., DuPont, J. N., and Marder, A. R. 2003. Dilution and microsegre- gation in dissimilar metal welds between super austenitic stainless steels and Ni base alloys. Science & Technology of Welding and Joining 6(6): 374–383.

14. American Society for Testing and Mate- rials. 1996. ASTM E112. Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Section 3: Metals test methods and analytical procedures. 03.01: 226–248.

15. American Society for Testing and Mate- rials. 1998. ASTM E647. Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Section 3. Metals test and analytical procedures. 3.01: 565–601.

16. Yoder, G. R., Cooley, L. A., and Crooker, T. W. (B) 1977. Metallurgical Transac- tions A 8A: 1737–1743.

17. Yoder, G. R., Cooley, L. A., and Crooker, T. W. 1978. Metallurgical Transactions A 9A: 1413–1420.

18. Yoder, G. R., Cooley, L. A., and Crooker, T. W. (A) 1977. Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology 99: 313–318.

19. Priddle, E. K., and Walker, F. E. 1976. Journal of Materials Science 11: 386–388.

  • 20.

    Pedron, J. P., Diboine, A., and Pineau, A.

  • 1984.

    Fatigue and Fracture of Engineering Mate-

rials and Structures 7: 137–143. 21. Priddle, E. K. 1978. Scripta Metallurgica 12: 49–56.

The authors thank the United States Office of Naval Research for providing

10. Griffiths, J. R., Mogford, I. L., and Richards, C. E. 1971. Metal Science Journal 5:

AWS Professional Program April 6–8 McCormick Place, Chicago, Ill.,

The Professional Program offers a broad spectrum of technical papers describing the latest findings in welding research, processes and applications. Special sessions and gatherings exploring the boundaries of industry issues will also be significant features of the Convention. Sub- jects cover the entire range of industry concerns from the joining of space age materials to production management techniques, testing, quality assurance and more. Join us at this year’s U.S. Navy Sponsored Session titled, “Current Research Topics in the U.S. Navy.” Free sessions include the following:

¤Manageability of Fuel Cell Products ¤College Careers in Welding. ¤Structural Engineer Re- sponse to the World Tragedy ¤An Interview with the World’s Leading Design Export ¤Field Construction and/or Field Repair

For more information, contact Dorcas Troche, Manager, Conferences & Seminars at dor- cas@aws.org or 800-443-9353 ext. 313.

14 -S JANUARY 2004

Document info
Document views14
Page views14
Page last viewedFri Oct 21 23:51:50 UTC 2016