for diarrhea and dysentery in adults and chil- dren. An excellent laxative for infants, as it is very mild and tonic. Excellent to increase the muscular action of the bowels. Excellent for use in stomach troubles. Will relieve headache. It stimulates the gall-ducts, thereby causing the ejection of bilious materials. Excellent for scrofulous children with distended abdomens. Good for the liver. Cleans and tones the bow- els.”—Kloss, 304.
“Astringent, laxative, stomachic; alterative, silagogue. Body parts affected: stomach and in- testines . .
“Rhubarb is both a laxative and astringent. Its dual properties make it a good herb for both diarrhea and constipation. It stimulates the walls of the colon and the secretory glands of the stomach and intestines. In small amounts, rhubarb is an excellent digestive tonic. Judge the amount on your own. 30 grains given every 2 or 3 hours has stopped diarrhea and hemor- rhages in adults. Larger amounts will produce a laxative effect. If you do not desire a laxative effect, cut back on the dosage and it will act as a good tonic and blood cleanser.
“Finley Ellingwood, M.D., states in the Ameri- can Materia Medica, ‘It is the laxative for debili- tated patients, or for patients recovering from prostrating disease. Given to a nursing mother, like aloe, it relaxes the infant’s bowels, and in some cases it is desirable to administer it to the mother for this purpose.’
“Rhubarb is used to treat chronic blood dis- eases. The dosage for a general digestive tonic and blood cleanser is one teaspoon of the tinc- ture three times daily or one to three capsules three times daily. Note: Do not use over pro- longed periods as it tends to aggravate any ten- dency toward chronic constipation. Do not use during pregnancy.”—Santillo, 167-168.
Special note: In the thinking of the present
writer, there are three oddities about rhubarb: (1) It is remarkably high in oxalic acid, which is not good for a person. It may be that this acid is the factor which helps medicinally. The Gerson Insti- tute permits small leaves of beet greens to be used in cooking, but not the larger ones, because of their oxalic acid content. (2) The herb books indicate that “rhubarb” and “Turkey rhubarb” are essen- tially the same; yet it has been said in Essiac ar- ticles, that Turkey rhubarb is imported from Eu- rope. (3) One would think that the small amount of rhubarb in Essiac would be constipative rather than laxative.
SLIPPERY ELM BARK—Ulmus fulva Slippery elm is an extremely gentle soother of the gastro-intestinal system as it grabs tox-
ins and pushes them out of the bowels. “Demulcent, emollient, nutritive; astringent. Body parts affected: general effects on the whole body . .
“Slippery elm used as a gruel is nourishing for children and the elderly with weak stom- ach, ulcers and those recovering from diseases. It will relieve constipation and diarrhea . .
“Slippery elm is also used to bind the mate- rials of suppositories, boluse, lozenges and un- leavened breads together.
“Externally, use it as a poultice applied to sores, wounds, burns, open sores and infected skin problem areas. It is a good addition to douches and enemas when there is inflamma- tion and burning. If used as a douche or en- ema, it will need to be diluted with water so it will not plug the apparatus as it is a mucilagi- nous herb.”—Santillo, 177-178.
“Slippery elm, American elm [different than Ulmus campestris, which is the English elm, common elm, European elm] . . Medicinal part: the inner bark . .
“Demulcent, diuretic, emollient. The inner bark of slippery elm is noted primarily for its soothing properties. Internally, it is helpful where inflammatory irritation exists, as in sore throat, diarrhea, dysentery, and many urinary problems. Externally it is applied as a poultice to irritated and inflamed skin and to wounds . . Due to its depletion from Dutch Elm Dis- ease, the American elm should be protected against widespread use of its bark. The bark cannot be used without disfiguring or killing a noble tree.”—Lust, 182-183.
“Three tablespoons of inner bark in a cup of hot water makes a thick mucilaginous tea, tra- ditionally used for sore throats, upset stomach, indigestion, digestive irritation, stomach ulcers, choughs, pleurisy; said to help in diarrhea and dysentery. Inner bark considered edible. Once used as a nutritive broth for children, the eld- erly, and convalescing patients who had diffi- culty consuming or digesting food. Externally, the thick tea, made from powdered inner bark, was applied to fresh wounds, ulcers, burns, scalds. Science confirms tea is soothing to mu- cous membranes and softens hardened tissue. Bark once used as an anti-oxidant to prevent rancidity of fat.”—Foster, 294.
Echinacea, especially, would make an excel- lent addition to the four herbs in Essiac. Yet, even though it is a powerful anti-tumor agent, the Essiac herbal formula, just as it is, keeps a nice balance between some cancer fighting and much cleans- ing of the toxins from its breakdown. That is ex- tremely important, since it is generally the toxic