Mohamed, O. (1997). Counselling for excellence. In D. McNamara & R. Harris
(Eds.), Overseas students in higher education (pp. 156-172). London: Routledge.
O’Malley, M., Chamot, A., Stewner-Manzanares, G., Kupper, L. and Russo, R. C.
(1985). Learner strategies used by beginning and intermediate ESL students.
Language Learning, 35, 21-36.
Oxford, R. L. (1990). Language learning strategies. New York: Newbury House
Senior, R. (1997). Transforming language classes into bonded groups. ELT Journal.
Sinclair, B. (1997). Learner Autonomy: The cross-cultural question. IATEFL Issues.
Retrieved 19th October, 2005 from
Swain, M. (2000). The output hypothesis and beyond: mediating acquisition through
collaborative dialogue. In J. P. Lantolf (Ed.), Sociocultural theory and second
language acquisition (pp. 97-114). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Tanaka, H. and Tanaka, S. (1996). An invitation to sociolinguistics. Tokyo: Minerva.
Appendix 1 Lesson 4: Social Class and Regional Differences
Today we have studied about social class and regional differences in the world. Think about the following questions:
What is a prestigious way of speaking in the UK?
What is the regional dialect in Liverpool?
Give an example of a regional dialect in Japan?
4. What type of English do 15% of English people speak?