Brassica : Harvesting the Genome, Diversity and Products
Canada is the world's leading exporter of canola (Brassica napus) and seed-derived products, particularly oil and meal. The annual economic activity generated through the production of Brassica crops is in the order of $ CND 2.5 Billions. Annual canola acreage ranges from 10 to 13 millions.
Canola dominates the Canadian domestic market and represents more than 70% of vegetable oil products consumed (as salad/frying oils, margarine, mayonnaise, etc.).
Research & Development:
Genomics initiatives and resources:
2002-2006 Functional Genomics of Abiotic Stress
The Functional Genomics of Abiotic Stress project is exploiting a range of genomics and proteomics technologies to study how plants respond to various abiotic (environmental) stresses at the gene level, particularly cold, but also heat, drought and nutrient stress. This project is funded by Genome Canada/Genome Prairie and several institutions. See project website for more information www.genomeprairie.ca/abioticstress/
2003-2006 Enhancing Canola Through Genomics
The goal of the “Enhancing Canola Through Genomics” project is to develop and employ genomic tools in the studies of seed development and composition in Brassica oilseeds crops This project is funded by Genome Canada/Genome Prairie, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and the National Research Council. See project website for more information
2006-2009. “Designing Oilseeds for Tomorrow’s Markets”. This is a recently approved Genome Canada/Genome Prairie project focusing on genomics of seed coat and anti-nutritional factors in Brassica. This project involves a Germany-Canada collaboration.
Centres of Brassica research in Canada
Mc Gill University
University of Alberta
University of Guelph
University of Manitoba
University of Saskatchewan
University of Western Ontario
Genomics, breeding Biotechnology,
National Research Council, PBI
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Alberta Research Council
Agrisoma Biosciences Inc.
Bayer Crop Science (breeding)
Draft White Paper for Multinational Brassica Genome Project (MBGP); 12/01/2006