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GROUND WATER PROTECTION AND THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT • 111

Required Content for Ground Water Protection Advisories. Ground water protection advisories must be in writing and must be specific to one of the following chemicals: atrazine, simazine, bromacil, diuron, prometon, or norflurazon. Each advisory must include

  • the name and address of the owner or operator of the property to be treated

  • the location of each property to be treated, including the designation by base meridian, township, range, and section

  • the basic soil textural class (such as sandy loam, silty clay loam, or clay) for each site on the property to be treated

  • a map of the property to be treated, identifying all known areas that could impact the movement of the chemical to ground water includ- ing, but not limited to, abandoned and surface drainage (dry) wells, and irrigation and domestic wells

  • details about the property to be treated, including basic soil textural class, irrigation practices, and the location of wells— including, but not limited to, abandoned and surface drainage (dry) wells and irrigation and domestic wells—to minimize the movement of the chemical to ground water

  • the signature and address of the Agricultural Pest Control Adviser writing the advisory, their license number, and the date

The information listed above is separate from the requirements Agricultural Pest Control Advisers must follow when they write Pest Control Recommendations.

The Endangered Species Act

The objective of the federal Endan- gered Species Act of 1973 is to protect endangered and threatened plant and animal species and to conserve the

ecosystems upon which they depend. Under this act, all federal agencies must ensure that any actions they authorize or carry out will not further jeopardize the continued existence of species listed as endangered or threat- ened by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Habitat critical to these species’ survival also must not be harmed.

Under the Endangered Species Act, U.S. EPA is responsible for making sure that the pesticides it registers will not harm endangered species or their habitats. In 1986, U.S. EPA created the Endangered Species Protection Pro- gram (ESPP) to protect endangered species from any potential adverse effects of pesticide use. To implement the ESPP, some pesticide labels direct users to read special bulletins. ESPP has two goals:

  • to provide the best protection for endangered species from the use of pesticides

  • to minimize the impact of the ESPP program on pesticide users

    • U.

      S. EPA follows a species approach

to protection (as opposed to crop clusters), prioritized according to the vulnerability of each endangered or threatened plant or animal. U.S. EPA also determines the lowest level of pesticide use that may affect each species. On March 14, 1991, U.S. EPA published a notice in the Federal Register listing pesticides that “may affect” endangered species.

In California, DPR has been studying endangered species protection issues since 1988. DPR’s activities include

  • mapping sites occupied by feder- ally listed threatened or endan- gered species

  • evaluating the risks from pesticides to inhabited sites

  • classifying risks from pesticides

  • developing protection strategies to minimize risks from pesticides as needed

As of October 1997, there were 359 federally listed threatened or endan-

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