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State of California Department of Pesticide Regulation - page 22 / 132

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PESTI IDE REGISTRATION AND THE LABEL • 15

been incorporated into the California Code of Regulations, Title 3 (3CCR). You must use the pesticide according to this standard as well as the require- ments on the pesticide label and in 3CCR, whichever is most restrictive. It provides information on the personal protective equipment (PPE) required for early-entry workers. It also gives the restricted-entry interval (REI) for workers (see below).

Restricted-Entry Statement. Usually a period of time must 15 elapse before anyone can enter a

treated area unless they are wearing personal protective equipment. This period is the restricted-entry interval. Restricted-entry intervals vary accord- ing to the toxicity and special hazards associated with the pesticide. The crop or site being treated and its geographic location also influence the length of this interval. Some pesticide uses in California require longer restricted- entry intervals than those listed on the pesticide label. Check with the local agricultural commissioner for this information.

Misuse Statement. The misuse statement reminds users to apply 16 pesticides according to label

directions.

Storage and Disposal Directions. Directions for properly storing 17 and disposing of the pesticide

and empty pesticide containers are another important part of the label. Proper disposal of unused pesticides and pesticide containers reduces human and environmental hazards. Some pesticides have special storage requirements because improper storage causes them to lose their effectiveness. Improper storage may even cause explosions or fires.

Warranty. Manufacturers usually include a warranty and dis- 18 claimer on their pesticide labels.

This information informs you of your rights as a purchaser and limits the liability of the manufacturer.

EMERGEN Y EXEMPTIONS AND SPE IAL LO AL NEEDS

Occasionally pest problems arise that you cannot control with currently registered pesticides. Sometimes the commodity, target pest, or site are not on the registered pesticide label. In some situations, you can request an emergency exemption or a special local need (SLN) registration. The emer- gency exemption or SLN label must be at the use site at the time of use.

Emergency Exemptions from Registration. Emergency exemptions from registration, also known as Section 18 Emergency Exemptions or Section 18s, address pest problems for which there are no pesticides regis- tered. DPR evaluates the emergency, and if it meets certain criteria, DPR submits an exemption request to the U.S. EPA. The U.S. EPA evaluates DPR’s request and, upon approval, issues the emergency exemption. There are four types of Section 18s:

  • specific

  • public health

  • quarantine

  • crisis emergencies

There must be no feasible alternative to the exemption, which allows the sale and use of a certain pesticide product for a specific nonregistered purpose during a specified period of time.

All Section 18s require a restricted materials permit for possession and use. Regulations impose strict controls and require recordkeeping for all emergency uses. You must understand the special requirements and responsi- bilities involved whenever you use pesticides with emergency exemptions. Section 18 “labels” prescribe applica- tion rates, safety precautions, and other vital application information you must

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