ThE CANADIAN CONTExT
QuÉBec within the CANADIAN FEDERATION
ThE CANADIAN FEDERATION
Canada is a federation of ten provinces and three territories.
The 1867 Constitution defines the powers of the two orders of
government, federal and provincial.
The Canadian federation features a substantial degree of decentralization.
The provinces have exclusive jurisdiction in many fields including health, education, social services and municipal affairs.
They have their own direct taxation power wich includes
corporate and personal income taxes and consumption taxes.
diVision of tax ReVenues Between oRdeRs of goVeRnment
Provinces and local sector
REvITALIzATION OF ThE CANADIAN FEDERATION
At the suggestion of Québec, the Canadian provinces created a new institution in 2003: the Council of the Federation.
Chaired by each of the provinces in turn, this new institution’s objectives include promoting inter-governmental relations based on respect for the Constitution and recognition of diversity within the federation.
Overall, the total revenue collected by the various orders of government in Canada amounts to 35% of GDP:
54% is collected by provincial governments and local administrations;
46% is collected by the federal government.
In 2005-2006, federal transfers accounted for 18% of Québec budgetary revenue.
fedeRal tRansfeRs to QuÉBec (As A PERCENTAgE OF BUDgETARy REvENUE)
1981 1986 Source: Ministère des Finances.
QUÉBEC IN ThE wORLD
The network of foreign representations plays a key role in Québec’s international action. This network, consisting of ten delegations and nine bureaux, provides economic, cultural and educational consulting services adapted to the features of the host countries.
The Francophonie, an international governmental organization in which Québec speaks with its own voice, provides the Québec government with a significant channel for contributing with its partners to the world’s development and the depth of its pluralism.
ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL PROFILE OF QUÉBEC