Industrial Technology Years 7–10 Syllabus
Stage 2 – Science and Technology
Students who have achieved Stage 2 are able to initiate their own investigations as a result of something that has aroused their curiosity. They ask perceptive questions and respond to design tasks in innovative ways. They identify ways of improving their own scientific and technological activities by considering issues such as how well something works, its appearance and how it might affect the environment.
Students develop the capacity to ask questions to clarify understanding. They predict outcomes by proposing explanations and testing to see if their predicted outcomes eventuate. As students develop skills in predicting, testing, recording results and drawing conclusions, they begin to form understanding about ‘fair testing’ that takes into account the need for consistent conditions combined with one variable, in order to ensure accurate results.
Students who have achieved Stage 2 are able to explore ideas for investigations and their design proposals in order to identify where decisions still need to be made, and to suggest possible courses of action. Students may suggest modifications to improve their initial proposals, including the selection of different solutions to arrive at a suitable outcome.
Students are able to explore the properties, capabilities and working characteristics of both natural and manufactured materials and components. They recognise that materials are varied and have different properties that affect their use. They can select, maintain and safely use classroom tools and equipment, hardware and software, and justify their selection for particular tasks.
Students give consideration to issues such as function and aesthetics when designing and evaluating products, services and environments. They can identify some limitations when carrying out a design task. Students develop plans that show some consideration of the types and quantities of materials required and an awareness of the need for accuracy in a plan for production purposes.
Students recognise the function of some hardware and software and are able to select and use these to meet the requirements of a task. They can discuss the possibilities and limitations of using a range of technology including computer-based technology.
Students are developing a capacity to understand relationships in the natural world. They can identify and describe some aspects of the structure and function of living things and some of the ways living things interact. They can also identify and describe some of the interactions of the Earth with other parts of the solar system. Students in this stage devise systems that inform or utilise their understanding of some forms of energy.
Students also demonstrate a greater understanding of and control over a design process. They recognise the importance of evaluation throughout a design cycle.