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Extract from the Book A Shiite Encyclopedia by Hassan Aminie - page 7 / 42





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the life account of Aban Bin Taghlab, on the authority of person like Ahmad Bin Hambal, Ibn Mu’in and Abu Hatim. One  may ask how the trust could be reposed in those who created new things (in religion). The answer to this question is that Bid’at (innovation) is too small hitting like exaggerated Shi’ism or Shi’ism without exaggeration. It does not affect, because Shi’ism was very much common among the Tabi’ites and their followers despite thir religiousness, piety and truthfulness. If we reject the Traditions and report given by such person (because of their being Shi’ites) the most of the sayings of the Prophet (S.A.W.W.) will have to be discarded, which will of course be a bigger Bid’at….. Now this is a testimony of Great Traditionalist to the effect that the Shi’ites distinguished themselves among the Tabi’ites and their followers in guarding the saying of the Prophet. Had others also done the same and reported the Traditions as they did, the rejection of their reports would not amount to giving up the major portion of the Traditions. The fact is that the four Imams and leading traditions received a lot from Shi’ite jurists. Imam Abu Hanifah, for example, received information from Imam Ja’far Sadiq (A.S.). Ibrahim Bin Muhammad Bin Sam’an Al-Madani Al-Slami (An ally of Banu Aslam) was the teacher of Imam Ash-Shafi’i and was as shi’ite. Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal got his training and education at the hands of Muhammad Bin Fudail Bin Ghazwan Ad-Dabiyy who was a Shi’ite as discussed under the heading of the recitors of the Quaran and will again be discussed under the heading of Jurists. Ubaidullah Bin Abi Musa Al-Abasi  Al Kufi was the teacher and Shaikh of Imam Al-Bukhari. He was also a Shi’ite as evidenced by As-Sam’ani in Al-Ansab, Adh-Dhahabi in Al-Mukhtasir Mizan-ul-I’tidal and Tadhkiratul Huffaiz, the author of Duwal-ul-Islam, Ibn-ul-Athir in Al-Ansab, Abu Daud, Ibn Sad, Ibn Habban, Yaqub Bin Sufyan, Abu Muslim Al-Baghdadi, Al Hafiz Ibn Ul-Qane, As-Saji and others.

Shi’ite books of traditions numbering 6600

The earlier Shi’ites belonging too the Athna ashariyyah group who were contemporaries to the Imams, from Ali Bin Abi Talib (A.S.) to the time of Imam Al-Hassan Al-Askari (A.S.) compiled 6600 books of the Traditions through the agency of Imams from the Ahl-Al-Bait. These books are mentioned in those relating to Rijal (biographies) and have been recorded by As-Shaikh Muhammad Bin Al-Hassan Bin Al-Hurr Al-Aamili, belonging to thirteenth century, in the fourth note of his book Al-Wasa’il. He got the names of these books from the accounts of their authors scattered in various other books. He collected what the authors of Rijal had recorded and the number came upto 6600. having reached this point of discussion, we would like to remind the reader that these books contain 400 volumes on the subject of Usul (Principles of Jurisprudence)( and four big selections. If this is against what we are following in distribution of these authors according to their groups, it is because of the fact that we do not like to make our discussion of the books of the Traditions disrupted; we rather like it to be in one place and complete.

Four Hundred Books Of Usul

Among these 6600 books, 400 were distinguished for their treatment of Usul which are known to the Shiite as Al-Usul-ul-Araba Miah. Ash-Shaikh Al-Mufid has said. The Imamite composed four hundred books which are named as Usul during the period from the life time of Imam Ali Hin Abi Talib A.S. to that Imam Al-Sasan Al-Askari. The meaning of Usul they say is that these books belong to the origin (Asl). Similarly At-Tabrisi has said in A’lam-ul-Wara that four hundred books were compiled from the replies given by Imam Jafar Sadiq A.S. These books are known as Usul and have been reported by his companions and the companions of his father Imam Muhammad Al-Baqir. According to Al-Muhaqqiq, the author of Al-Mutabar, that the number of books compiled from the replies given by Imam Jafar Sadiq A.S. to various questions is four hundred, which are named Usul.

What Al-Mufid has said, as referred to above, indicates that four hundred Usul have been reported from all the Imams, while what At-Tabrisi, Al-Muhaqqiq and Ash-Sahid have said,

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