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lodges. The explanation why low educated should be at higher risk is that since they can’t read it’s harder for them to get information about HIV. In the city, young people, persons buying sex, drug addicts and poor people were mentioned as groups that are more often infected by HIV. During the interviews in the village, some students spontaneously said that farmers very seldom are infected by HIV, and therefore they are at lowest risk. They couldn’t explain further why. Many students in both the city and the village stated that there are no risk groups.

Source of information: Most of the students in both the city and village had heard and learned about HIV from media and in school. Some students mentioned hospitals, friends and society as sources of information. One student thought that the Indian people need more education about HIV and sex. He said that a good way to spread the information would be by posters.

Attitudes:

Attitudes towards HIV-infected persons: Some of the students, both in the village and the city, told us that they do avoid HIV infected persons. One fourth of the students in the village said that they are afraid of people that are infected with HIV, whereas none of the students in the city said that they are afraid of these persons. A couple of students considered that HIV infected persons shouldn’t live at home. They thought that the infected people should live either in the hospital or in the countryside. On the question “how would you react if someone you know well would get HIV?” half of the students in both the village and the city answered that they wouldn’t be afraid of that person and wouldn’tt avoid him or her. Some students in the village said that they wouldn’t eat from the same plate as that person and avoid close contact with him or her.

To whom do you talk about sex and HIV? One fourth of the students, in both the village and the city, had talked about sex in school. The students more often talked about sex with their friends. Only few of the students talked about sex in the family. Many students said that they didn’t talk to anybody about sex. About half of the students in the city didn’t want to have sexual education in school. A female student said that if you have sexual education in school before the 10th grade there is a high risk that you will become a prostitute if you are a girl and buy sex from prostitutes if you are a boy (Fig. 10).

Half of the students in the village and almost all of the students in the city had talked about HIV in school. About one third of the students in both the city and in the village talked about HIV with their family. Many students talked about HIV among friends. One fourth of the students in the village said that they didn’t talk to anybody about HIV, whereas no one in the city gave that answer (Fig. 11).

Sexual experience: None of the students, except for two male students in the village, told us that they have any sexual experience. Some students told us that sex before marriage doesn’t occur in India, whereas other students told us that it’s common but you don’t talk about it.

Prostitution: More than half of the students had heard about prostitution. Almost half of the students in the village, but no one in the city, knew where to find prostitutes. Anyway, one male student in

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