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The use of the ‘substrate’ terms is not mandatory but it is recommended that they be used wherever possible. Where relevant, the ‘substrate’ descriptor can be accompanied by more than one qualifier. Entries should always be in lower case.

Fungi on dung

Latin names of animals are not commonly known and there is no strict requirement for their use by those who record fungi on dung. English names are perfectly acceptable unless there is the possibility of ambiguity. The origin of the dung may not be critical to the identification of the fungus and the British Mycological Society Keys to Fungi on Dung by Mike Richardson and Roy Watling (see Appendix 1) uses general substrates such as dung, bird droppings, cast pellets, or decayed animal material.

Those who are enthusiasts for the great range of interesting fungi found on, or incubated from, animal droppings may, however, take great care to identify the source of the dung as this can be critical to identification in some cases. For those who wish to be specific a selection of Latin names of common animals is given below:

cattle

Bos taurus

fallow deer

Dama dama

fox

Vulpes vulpes

horse

Equus caballu

s

rabbit red deer roe deer sheep

Oryctolagus cuniculus Cervus elaphus Capreolus capreolus Ovis aries

Associated with

Substrate

Ecosystem

Magnoliidae

bare soil

woodland

Quercus/Larix

litter

mixed woodland

stump

spruce plantation

Fagus sylvatica

fallen branch

mixed woodland

Poaceae

soil

mown grassland

Lactarius

rotten fruitbody

conifer woodland

Musci

live leaf

woodland

Acer campestre

dead leaf

parkland

Urtica dioica

dead stem

wasteland

Magnoliidae

burnt wood

firesite clearing

Pinus

fallen cone

mixed woodland

Ovis aries

dung

grazed grassland

Some examples of database field entries

Fungus found on

Soil in frondose wood, tree unidentified broadleaf Litter under oak & larch in a mixed wood Indeterminate large stump in young spruce plantation Fallen beech branch in mixed woodland Lawn in garden Indeterminate Lactarius in conifer copse Moss growing by side of woodland path

Fallen maple tree leaf in a park Dead stems of nettle on uncultivated land Charred wood at bonfire site in a clearing in frondose wood Fallen Pinus cone in a mixed wood Sheep dung in a pasture

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