The use of the ‘substrate’ terms is not mandatory but it is recommended that they be used wherever possible. Where relevant, the ‘substrate’ descriptor can be accompanied by more than one qualifier. Entries should always be in lower case.
Fungi on dung
Latin names of animals are not commonly known and there is no strict requirement for their use by those who record fungi on dung. English names are perfectly acceptable unless there is the possibility of ambiguity. The origin of the dung may not be critical to the identification of the fungus and the British Mycological Society Keys to Fungi on Dung by Mike Richardson and Roy Watling (see Appendix 1) uses general substrates such as dung, bird droppings, cast pellets, or decayed animal material.
Those who are enthusiasts for the great range of interesting fungi found on, or incubated from, animal droppings may, however, take great care to identify the source of the dung as this can be critical to identification in some cases. For those who wish to be specific a selection of Latin names of common animals is given below:
rabbit red deer roe deer sheep
Oryctolagus cuniculus Cervus elaphus Capreolus capreolus Ovis aries
Some examples of database field entries
Fungus found on
Soil in frondose wood, tree unidentified broadleaf Litter under oak & larch in a mixed wood Indeterminate large stump in young spruce plantation Fallen beech branch in mixed woodland Lawn in garden Indeterminate Lactarius in conifer copse Moss growing by side of woodland path
Fallen maple tree leaf in a park Dead stems of nettle on uncultivated land Charred wood at bonfire site in a clearing in frondose wood Fallen Pinus cone in a mixed wood Sheep dung in a pasture