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Study Design*

OHSMS Type

Type of Evidence

Type of Outcomes

Number of Workplaces

Workplace Size

Industrial Sector**

Proceed to DE

Time series

Mandatory

Effectiveness

Financial

Most manu- facturing sectors

Mixed sizes

Manufacturing

Yes

Time series with comparison group Before-after

Mandatory

Effectiveness

Final

636 workplaces

Mixed sizes

Manufacturing Retail Trade

Yes

Mandatory

Implementation

Implementation

1184 workplaces

Mixed sizes

Multiple sectors

Yes

Cross- sectional

Mandatory

Implementation Effectiveness

Implementation Intermediate Final

2092 workplaces

Mixed sizes

Multiple Sectors

Yes

Cross- sectional

Mandatory

Effectiveness

Intermediate Final

311 workplaces

Small and/or medium enterprises

Other Services except Public Administration (auto repair)

Yes

Time series

Voluntary

Effectiveness

Financial

1 workplace - multiple worksites 1 workplace - 2 worksites

Large enterprise

Public Administration

Yes

Non- randomized trial

Voluntary

Effectiveness

Intermediate

Small and/or medium enterprises

Transportation

Yes

Before-after

Voluntary

Implementation Facilitator/Barrier

Implementation F/B – Non- systematic

20 workplaces

Small and/or medium enterprises

Manufacturing (fabricated metal product)

Yes

Time series

Voluntary

Effectiveness

Financial

1 workplace

Large enterprise

Health Care and Social Assistance

Yes

Mandatory OHSMSs

Voluntary OHSMSs

Alsop, Australia 1999

  • *

    Study design identified through modified study design flowchart (Zaza et al., 2000)

** Industrial sector identified through NAICS classification. http://www.statscan.ca/english/Subjects/Standard/naics/2002/naics02-menu.htm.

Effectiveness of Occupational Health & Safety Management Systems: A Systematic Review

125

Nyto, 1998

Norway

Saksvik, 1996

Norway

Edkins, 1998

Australia

Pearse, 2002

Australia

Yassi,

Manitoba,

1998

Canada

Appendix G Characteristics of Studies Considered in this Review Table G.1 Study characteristics for studies proceeding to data extraction (n=9)

Dufour,

Quebec,

1998

Canada

Author, Yr

Jurisdiction

Ontario,

Canada

Torp, 2000

Norway

Lewchuk

1996

,

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