27 month study of OHSMS implementation and effectiveness funded by the WorkCover Authority of New South Wales. The intervention involved:
A network of individuals participating in ongoing meetings to share resources and experience, which was established at the start of the study. Ten network meetings were held, lead by the author. These involved site visits of the host company, and an outline as to how it was managing its OHS. Discussion of issues raised, how to implement certain aspects of an OHSMS. Approximately ½ the companies actively participated in network meetings. OHSMS guidelines were prepared specifically for the project, based on the principles outlines in the Australian and New Zealand Standard (AS/NZS 4804- 1997)(REF), and tailored for small to medium metal manufacturing companies. They were developed around the following system elements: management commitment and policy; responsibility and accountability; OHS hazard management; purchasing and contractors; OHS training and dducation; emergency planning; performance indicators and records; workplace injury management. Implement OHSMS - after receiving guidelines, companies had 6 months to begin to implement OHSMS before first audit. 1st audit involved checking documentation, observing work processes and interviewing a range of people with different roles in the company. Develop and implement action plans. Companies were provided feedback from 1st audit with recommendations for improvement and companies were asked to produce action plans designed to improve OHSMS.
Data Collection, Data Transformation, and Measurement Properties:
At baseline the self-administered survey involved 32 yes-no questions about OHS management, drawn from SafetyMAP36. The audit at 6 and 12 months used a 77-question audit tool based on the guidelines. Questions were closed, simple and unambiguous, with Yes, No or Partial. The audit also involved checking documentation, observing work processes and interviewing a range of people with different roles
in the company. Audit scores, and % change from the first to the second audit were reported, along with the companies’ rank order established at baseline. The audit tool was trialed by different external auditors and was found very reliable.
Statistical Tests: Not applicable. Results:
36 SafetyMAP. SafetyMap: Auditing health and safety management systems. Melbourne: Victorian WorkCover
Effectiveness of Occupational Health & Safety Management Systems: A Systematic Review