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(no indication of how many a few was given). Questions were answered by n=915 from the full sample (n=2092), though only n=711 reported having at least started implementation.

6 Intermediate Outcomes

Changes in HES awareness in workplaces due to introduction of IC: no statistical analyses. Used the same survey as for the implementation measure.

6 Final OHS Outcomes

Predictor variables: 1) Size of enterprise (# of employees), 2) Sector (public vs. private), 3) HES competency (Having worker HES representatives and an Occupational Health Service), 4) HES activity level prior to IC implementation (4 point scale looking at activities in four different HES areas over previous 3 years prior to IC implementation such as assessing psychosocial work environment factors, risk assessment analyses, having worked out action plans to improve work environment, etc), 5) HES result level prior to IC implementation (absenteeism and accident rates prior to IC - for 1990), 6) time pressure (relation between productivity development and changes in size of staff - using 4 point scale). 7) status of implementation of IC (defined in three ways: subjective measure (rated from 'not started' to 'finished' using five point scale), quantitatively (# of activities completed to implement IC), from a list of nine activities), qualitatively (4 point scale derived from authors own recommendations of content of implementation process - 3 items: better risk assessment, new action plans, better documentation).

Outcome variables: 'HES results' - 1) absenteeism, 2) accident rate (accidents followed by more than 1 day of ill health) for 1991 and 1st half of 1992 compared with 1990. Changed to categorical variable: higher, stable lower. Data drawn from n=2092 in same survey as described above.

  • Economic

Outcomes

  • Facilitators/

Barriers Statistical Tests:

TWO Multiple regression analyses with following predictors: organizational background variables (size of enterprise; public vs. private sector; HES competency; absenteeism and accident rate level prior to IC introduction; time pressure), status of implementation of IC. Outcome variables: HES results (change in absenteeism and accident rate)

Results: Implementation

Effect estimates: Descriptive stats: % change in HES practices due to IC introduction: (n=915, though only n=711 from total sample of n=2092 had at least started to implement). 58% reported clearer lines of responsibility; 48% reported more/better risk assessment; 58% reported better documentation; 42% reported new strategic plans.

Intermediate OHS Outcomes

Effect estimates: Descriptive stats: % change in HES practices due to IC introduction: (n=915, though only n=711 from total sample of n=2092 had at least started to implement). 69% change in increased HES awareness.

Institute for Work & Health

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