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Inclusion

  • For effectiveness studies:

    • A quantitative measure of any of the following: intermediate, final, and economic outcomes

      • i.

        Intermediate OHS outcomes include changes in knowledge, beliefs, values, perceptions, behaviours, hazards, or risks

      • ii.

        Final OHS outcomes include changes in injury/illness statistics, employee quality of life, product quality, productivity, property damage,

      • iii.

        Economic outcomes include changes in the costs associated with employee illness/injury.

Exclusion

  • Effectiveness studies without a quantitative measure of intermediate, final, or financial outcomes.

Comparisons in Outcome studies

• Α comparison of outcome measures was required. These comparisons could be made within or across workplaces and could be either: i) Between the presence and absence of an OHSMS intervention, or ii) Between OHSMS interventions of different intensities.

Implementation and effectiveness studies without a comparison of outcome measures.

Facilitator and barrier studies

A quantitative or qualitative study of facilitators or barriers to either 1. OHSMS implementation, or 2. Optimal outcomes following OHSMS implementation, Which may have involved: i. The OHSMS itself, ii. The workplace, or iii. The environment external to the workplace. Studies examining facilitators/barriers of optimal outcomes following OHSMS implementation required a specification of the level of OHSMS implementation.

Facilitator/Barrier studies reflecting solely one expert’s opinion.

Facilitators/barrier studies of optimal outcomes following OHSMS implementation without a specification of the level of OHSMS implementation.

Effectiveness of Occupational Health & Safety Management Systems: A Systematic Review

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