X hits on this document

511 views

0 shares

0 downloads

0 comments

67 / 156

  • intermediate effects (e.g.., better safety climate, increased hazard reporting by employees, more organizational action taken on OHS issues); and

  • decreases in workers’ compensation premiums.

Although data on injury rates was not included in the review, the findings on workers’ compensation premiums, and additional data provided within the studies, imply that injury rates declined too.

The declines in the premium rates would likely be considered of practical importance by stakeholders (declines of 23 and 52 per cent).

Table 4.5.1 Summary of effects from studies of voluntary OHSMSs

Type of Outcome

First Author, Year of Publication (Type of OHSMS) Pearse, 2002 (WorkCover)

Implementation (of OHSMS)

Intermediate OHS Outcomes (e.g., safety climate)

Edkins, 1998 (own)

Effect

Economic Outcomes (e.g., workers’ compensation premium rates)

Alsop, 1999 (SafetyMap) Yassi, 1998 (own)

Avg. increase of 9% in validation audit score among 16 small-medium enterprises (from 53% to 62% in 0-100% scale) in 6-8 mos. Intervention (1): Decrease by 13 points on safety climate scale (0-100 scale) in 8 mos. Control (C): Increase by 6 points. I: Decrease by 48 points on employee perception of hazardousness scale (0-176 scale). C: Decrease by 20 points. I: Decrease by 32 points of employee perception of hazard likelihood scale (0-176 scale). C: Decrease by 8 points of scale. I: 48 confidential hazard reports. C: 9 hazard reports. I: 13 actions taken on identified safety hazards. C: 0 52% drop in premium rate (from 4.00% to 1.90% of payroll) in 3 yrs. 23% drop in premium rate (from 1.51% to 1.13% of payroll) in 5 yrs.

+

n.d.

+

p < 0.001

+

p < 0.001

+

p < 0.001

+

n.d.

+

n.d.

+

n.d.

+

n.d.

of

Significance

Effect25

26

Direction

Statistical

25 Direction of effect is interpreted such that “+” is consistent with more implementation, better OHS outcomes, and better economic outcomes. n.d. = not determined. 26

Institute for Work & Health

64

Document info
Document views511
Page views515
Page last viewedFri Dec 09 18:11:24 UTC 2016
Pages156
Paragraphs3709
Words49639

Comments