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NEW YORK CITY DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND MENTAL HYGIENE - page 2 / 6

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Control Your Cholesterol: Volume 5 – Number 8

“Good” and “Bad” Cholesterol There are two main types of cholesterol.

LDL – “bad” cholesterol LDL (low-density lipoprotein) can clog arteries, increasing the risk of heart disease. Keep it Low.

HDL – “good” cholesterol HDL (high-density lipoprotein) keeps arteries clear, reducing the risk of heart disease. Keep it High.

  • Triglycerides (a type of fat) can also clog arteries.

High Cholesterol Can Kill You

Over time, high cholesterol thickens artery walls and clogs arteries, leading to:

  • Heart attack

  • Stroke

  • Angina

  • Poor circulation

  • Death at an early age

Diet, Weight, and Genetics Can Make Cholesterol Rise

  • People who are overweight or obese are more likely to have high cholesterol, but anyone can have it, including thin people and even children.

  • Some people’s genetics cause their bodies to have high cholesterol.

  • Food with saturated fat and trans fat are the main dietary causes of high cholesterol.

  • Cholesterol in food can also raise your blood cholesterol, but not as much as saturated fat. Products that say “cholesterol-free” may still contain saturated or trans fat.

Maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight may raise bad (LDL) cholesterol.

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