D r i v i n g T e c h n i q u e s D R I V I N G O N S O F T S U R F A C E S & D R Y
SAND The ideal technique for driving on soft surfaces (dry sand for example) requires the vehicle to be kept moving at all times - soft sand causes excessive drag on the wheels resulting in a rapid loss of motion once driving momentum is lost. For this reason, gear changing should be avoided.
Engage the diff lock*.
Select the highest suitable gear and REMAIN in that gear until a firm surface is reached. It is generally advisable to use LOW range gears, as they will enable you to accelerate through worsening conditions without the risk of being unable to restart.
Disengage the diff lock*.
STOPPING THE VEHICLE ON SOFT GROUND, IN SAND OR ON AN INCLINE If you do stop the vehicle, remember:
Starting on an incline or in soft ground or sand may be difficult. Always park on a firm level area, or with the vehicle facing downhill.
To avoid wheel spin, select ‘D’ and use the MINIMUM throttle necessary to get the vehicle moving.
DRIVING ON SLIPPERY SURFACES (ice, snow, mud, wet grass)
Engage the diff lock*.
Select the highest gear possible.
Drive away using the MINIMUM throttle possible.
Drive slowly at all times, keeping braking to a minimum and avoiding violent movements of the steering wheel.
Disengage the diff lock* as soon as firm ground is reached.
DRIVING ON ROUGH TRACKS Although rough tracks can sometimes be negotiated in normal drive, it is advisable to engage diff lock* if excessive suspension movement is likely to induce wheel spin. On very rough tracks, engage LOW range to enable a steady, low speed to be maintained without constant use of the brake pedal.
DO NOT drive the vehicle at speeds in excess of 40 mph (60 km/h) with the differential locked.Driving with the differential locked at speeds above 40 mph (60 km/h) may, under certain situations affect the brake performance under ABS conditions.
If forward motion is lost, avoid excessive use of the throttle - this will cause wheel spin and tend to dig the vehicle into the sand. Clear sand from around the tires and ensure that the chassis and axles are not bearing on the sand before again attempting to move.
If the wheels have sunk, use an air bag lifting device or high lift jack to raise the vehicle, and then build up sand under the wheels so that the vehicle is again on level ground. If a restart is still not possible, place ladders or other load spreading aids beneath the wheels.