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Driving Techniques



The maximum advisable wading depth is 20 inches (0.5 m).

Severe electrical damage may occur if the vehicle remains stationary for any length of time when the water level is above the door sills.

Severe damage to the catalytic converter could occur if the engine is stopped for any length of time when the water level is above the exhaust tail pipe.

If the depth of water is likely to exceed 20 inches (0.5 m), the following precautions should be observed:

  • Fix a plastic sheet in front of the radiator grille to prevent water from soaking the engine and mud from blocking the radiator.

  • Remove the CD autochanger*.

  • Ensure that the silt bed beneath the water is free of obstacles and firm enough to support the vehicle's weight and provide sufficient traction.

  • Ensure that the engine air intake is clear of the water level.

  • Engage the diff lock*.

  • Select a low gear and maintain sufficient throttle to prevent the engine from stalling. This is particularly important if the exhaust pipe is under water.

  • Drive slowly into the water and accelerate to a speed which causes a bow wave to form; then maintain that speed.

At all times, keep all the doors fully closed.

NOTE: If deep wading is to be carried out regularly, contact your Land Rover retailer for advice.

After wading

  • Disengage the diff lock*as soon as firm ground is reached.

  • Immediately after wading, remove any protective covering from in front of the radiator grille.

  • Drive the vehicle a short distance and apply the foot brake to check that the brakes are fully effective.

  • DO NOT rely on the parking brake to hold the vehicle stationary until the transmission has thoroughly dried out; in the meantime, leave the vehicle with the gearbox selector moved to park (‘P’).

  • If the water was particularly muddy, remove any blockages (mud and leaves) from the radiator to reduce the risk of overheating.

  • If deep water is regularly negotiated, check all oils for signs of water contamination - contaminated oil can be identified through its ‘milky’ appearance. In addition, check the air filter element for water ingress and replace if wet - consult a Land Rover retailer if necessary.

  • If salt water is frequently negotiated, thoroughly wash the underbody components and exposed body panels with fresh water.

NOTE: Vehicles required to undergo frequent or deep wading conditions will require more frequent servicing. Contact a Land Rover retailer for advice.


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