Methods and approaches in environmental education Many educational methods can help us to become more environmentally literate, conscious and competent:
In Arts and Culture our natural, built and social environments inspire creativity. The environment is a source of colour, pattern, texture and sound, as well as phenomena and issues to represent and interpret.
In Languages we can research and critically analyse environmental issues; we can also develop the communication skills needed to become environmentally informed and active citizens.
In Life Orientation we can clarify the values that underlie our environmental attitudes and actions, investigate the impacts of different sets of values and orientations on people and nature, and offer our time in the service of environmental and social causes.
In the Natural and Social Sciences we can research our environment in books, magazines and on the Internet. We can also investigate our environment through practical fieldwork and interviews.
People view, understand and address environmental phenomena and issues from multiple perspectives. Each subject or learning area provides particular lenses and tools that enable us to investigate, interpret and respond to the environment. Environmental projects and campaigns therefore present educators with ideal opportunities for integration within and across learning areas.
Projects like Eco-Schools are ideal whole-school development opportunities. Not only teachers and learners, but the entire school community can participate in developing school environmental policies, enabling environmental learning in the curriculum and managing the resources of the school sustainably.
The rest of this section provides more information on four methods and approaches commonly used in environmental education:
Newspapers in education and issue analysis
Whole school development with Eco-schools