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By comparing maps of natural resources (e.g. soil and vegetation) with maps of urban development, we can find out about the

impact of development on the environment. In this activity, learners will compare maps to find out where different types of

indigenous vegetation occur in the City of Cape Town, which are most threatened and why. They will then decide on which types of indigenous plants could be used to restore nature in different parts of the City.

SOCIAL SCIENCES (GEOGRAPHY)

GRADE 8

Learning Outcome 1:

Geographical Enquiry The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate geographical and environmental concepts and processes. Assessment Standard

  • Identify and select a variety of geographical and environmental sources relevant to an enquiry

  • Interpret maps

  • Identify some physical and constructed features from aerial / orthophoto maps of local areas

  • Observe and record information in the field

  • Present an original idea as part of an answer to questions posed in the enquiry

  • Report on knowledge gained by constructing an argument based on sources of information; use maps, diagrams, graphics

and computers in the presentation

Learning Outcome 3:

Exploring Issues The learner will be able to make informed decisions about social and environmental issues and problems. Assessment Standard

  • Make suggestions to guide sustainable living practices in a particular context.

Core knowledge and Concepts

  • Settlement: factors affecting settlement patterns

  • Natural resources: why conservation is necessary; new opportunities to conserve resources

  • Mapwork: extracting information; identifying features

Learning Activity 1: What grows where?

  • On the computer, find the following maps:

    • Soil types in the City of Cape Town

    • Original distribution of vegetation types in the City of Cape Town

  • Use the maps and Module 2: Four unique ecosystems as sources of information to help you answer Questions 1-5 on the worksheet provided.

Learning Activity 2: The impact of development

  • On the computer, find the following maps:

    • Urban development in Cape Town: 1800-2005

    • Distribution of vegetation types in the City of Cape Town 2005

    • Protected areas in the City of Cape Town 2005

  • Use the maps as a source of information to help you answer the questions on the worksheet provided.

Assessment tasks and tools

  • Complete Questions 1-5 on your worksheet.

  • Check your answers using the memorandum.

Assessment tasks and tools

  • Complete Questions 6-10 on

your worksheet.

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