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Name

What grows where? Soil and vegetation in the City of Cape Town

1

Name the five different types of soils shown on the map of Cape Town’s soil types:

1

2

4

5

3

2

Which type of soil would you find:

    • 2.1

      On top of Table Mountain and the Cape Peninsula mountain chain?

    • 2.2

      In the valleys of the Kuils, Lourens, Disa, Sand and Eerste Rivers?

    • 2.3

      Along the northern shore of False Bay and the West Coast north of Milnerton?

    • 2.4

      In the grape growing areas of Constantia, Durbanville Hills and Somerset West?

    • 2.5

      In many of the lowland suburbs of Cape Town, e.g. Grassy Park, Wynberg, Athlone, Parow and Bothasig?

3

Which type of soil:

    • 3.1

      Is best for crops such as wheat, grapes and deciduous fruit trees?

    • 3.2

      Was formed from sandstone, and has an acidic pH (pH less than 7)?

    • 3.3

      Was originally beach sand and contains tiny bits of sea shells?

    • 3.4

      Has an alkaline pH (pH greater than 7)?

    • 3.5

      Formed from the weathering of granite and shale rocks?

4

Which type of vegetation:

    • 4.1

      Grows mainly on mountains in shallow rocky soil?

    • 4.2

      Is also known as Dune Thicket, and grows in calcareous sand?

    • 4.3

      Grows on the Cape Flats but looks similar to the vegetation on the Cape Peninsula mountain chain

      • (i.

        e. includes proteas, ericas and restios)?

    • 4.4

      Was destroyed mainly by agricultural development, because it grows in rich soil?

    • 4.5

      Is the most threatened of all vegetation types in the City of Cape Town (97% destroyed)?

5

Which type of vegetation originally grew:

    • 5.1

      in the area where you live?

    • 5.2

      in the area where you go to school?

    • 5.3

      in most of Khayelitsha and Atlantis?

    • 5.4

      in most of the lowland parts of Somerset West?

    • 5.5

      on Signal Hill, Tygerberg, Durbanville Hills, Blaauwberg, Klein Dassenberg and Joostenberg Hill?

Memorandum – Activity 1, Questions 1-5 1 Acid sands, Alluvial soils, Calcareous sands, Shale and granite clays and loams, Shallow rocky soils

    • 2.1

      Shallow rocky soils; 2.2 Alluvial soils; 2.3 Calcareous sands; 2.4 Shale and granite clays and loams; 2.5 Acid sands

    • 3.1

      Shale and granite clays and loams; 3.2 Acid sands; 3.3 Calcareous sands; 3.4 Calcareous sands; 3.5 Shale and granite

clays and loams

    • 4.1

      Mountain fynbos; 4.2 Strandveld; 4.3 Sand plain fynbos; 4.4 Renosterveld; 4.5 Renosterveld

    • 5.1

      and 5.2 Depend on your context; 5.3 Strandveld; 5.4 Sand plain fynbos; 5.5 Renosterveld

66

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