What grows where? Soil and vegetation in the City of Cape Town
Name the five different types of soils shown on the map of Cape Town’s soil types:
Which type of soil would you find:
On top of Table Mountain and the Cape Peninsula mountain chain?
In the valleys of the Kuils, Lourens, Disa, Sand and Eerste Rivers?
Along the northern shore of False Bay and the West Coast north of Milnerton?
In the grape growing areas of Constantia, Durbanville Hills and Somerset West?
In many of the lowland suburbs of Cape Town, e.g. Grassy Park, Wynberg, Athlone, Parow and Bothasig?
Which type of soil:
Is best for crops such as wheat, grapes and deciduous fruit trees?
Was formed from sandstone, and has an acidic pH (pH less than 7)?
Was originally beach sand and contains tiny bits of sea shells?
Has an alkaline pH (pH greater than 7)?
Formed from the weathering of granite and shale rocks?
Which type of vegetation:
Grows mainly on mountains in shallow rocky soil?
Is also known as Dune Thicket, and grows in calcareous sand?
Grows on the Cape Flats but looks similar to the vegetation on the Cape Peninsula mountain chain
e. includes proteas, ericas and restios)?
Was destroyed mainly by agricultural development, because it grows in rich soil?
Is the most threatened of all vegetation types in the City of Cape Town (97% destroyed)?
Which type of vegetation originally grew:
in the area where you live?
in the area where you go to school?
in most of Khayelitsha and Atlantis?
in most of the lowland parts of Somerset West?
on Signal Hill, Tygerberg, Durbanville Hills, Blaauwberg, Klein Dassenberg and Joostenberg Hill?
Memorandum – Activity 1, Questions 1-5 1 Acid sands, Alluvial soils, Calcareous sands, Shale and granite clays and loams, Shallow rocky soils
Shallow rocky soils; 2.2 Alluvial soils; 2.3 Calcareous sands; 2.4 Shale and granite clays and loams; 2.5 Acid sands
Shale and granite clays and loams; 3.2 Acid sands; 3.3 Calcareous sands; 3.4 Calcareous sands; 3.5 Shale and granite
clays and loams
Mountain fynbos; 4.2 Strandveld; 4.3 Sand plain fynbos; 4.4 Renosterveld; 4.5 Renosterveld
and 5.2 Depend on your context; 5.3 Strandveld; 5.4 Sand plain fynbos; 5.5 Renosterveld