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Common Congenital Heart Lesions - page 101 / 126

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General Info:

Peripheral Vascular Disease: umbrella term for pathologic entities that affect arteries, veins, lymphatics. Disease states of the peripheral vasculature interfere with the critical functions of blood vessels…

Critical functions of blood vessels:

  • Regulate differential distribution of blood to tissues

  • Actively synthesize and secrete vasoactive substances that regulate vascular tone

  • Actively synthesize and secrete antithrombotic substances that maintain fluidity of blood and vessel patency

  • Have an integral role in the transport and distribution of immune cells to traumatized or infected tissues

Pathophysiologic causes processes of PVD can be placed in three categories:

    • 1.

      structural changes in vessel walls

    • 2.

      narrowing of the vascular lumen

    • 3.

      spasm of vascular smooth muscle

  • I’ll break these diseases down into types, which I’ll make as separate files (so they’ll hopefully be more easily accessible if you have questions about specific diseases).

The peripheral vasculature disease types as broken down in our book and my study guides are:

Diseases of the Aorta

Occlusive Arterial Diseases

Disease Causing Arterial Spasm

Venous Disease

(Study Guide Section 1)

(Study Guide Section 2)

(Study Guide Section 3)

(Study Guide Section 4)

Aortic Aneurysms Aortic Dissection

Peripheral Arterial Disease Acute Arterial Occlusion Vasculitic Syndromes

Raynaud’s Phenomenon

Varicose Veins Venous Thrombosis

Objectives to consider for each disease of the peripheral vasculature:

  • Recognize common clinical presentations – including symptoms, physical findings, ECG changes,

and diagnostic imaging abnormalities in patients.

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