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Common Congenital Heart Lesions - page 122 / 126

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Venous Thrombosis – Superficial Thrombophlebitis Clinical Presentation:

  • Erythema, tenderness, edema over involved vein.

Physical Findings:

  • Palpation: may reveal a firm, thickened, thrombosed vein. Palpable thrombosed vessels are almost always

superficial.

Etiology:

  • Can occur, for example, as a complication of an indwelling intravenous catheter.

Pathology:

  • A benign disorder associated with inflammation and thrombosis of a superficial vein (just below the skin).

  • Much less serious than DVT! Superficial Thrombophlebitis does NOT lead to pulmonary edema.

Treatment:

  • Local heat

  • Rest of involved extremity

  • Aspirin/other anti-inflammatory medication: may relieve the associated discomfort

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