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Common Congenital Heart Lesions - page 123 / 126

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123 / 126

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mnemonics

ST elevation causes in ECG ELEVATION: Electrolytes LBBB Early repolarization Ventricular hypertrophy Aneurysm Treatment (eg pericardiocentesis) Injury (AMI, contusion) Osborne waves (hypothermia) Non-occlusive vasospasm

Pericarditis: EKG "PericarditiS": PR depression in precordial leads. ST elevation.

Depressed ST-segment: causes DEPRESSED ST: Drooping valve (MVP) Enlargement of LV with strain Potassium loss (hypokalemia) Reciprocal ST- depression (in I/W AMI) Embolism in lungs (pulmonary embolism) Subendocardial ischemia Subendocardial infarct Encephalon haemorrhage (intracranial haemorrhage) Dilated cardiomyopathy Shock Toxicity of digitalis, quinidine

ECG: T wave inversion causes INVERT: Ischemia Normality [esp. young, AFAM] Ventricular hypertrophy

9/27/2004 12:00:00 AM

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