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require the development of more mid-range theories focusing on specific phenomena, such as sexual desire (Tolman, 2002) or sexual orientation (Diamond, 2005), and designing research to test propositions drawn from such theories. Finally, we hope to see the further development and testing of biopsychosocial theoretical models of human sexual expression (DeLamater & Still, 2005; Lindau et al., 2003). As for new directions, recent advances in genetics may allow the incorporation of genetic alleles as explanatory variables in otherwise traditionally sociological models.
There is, however, cause for concern about the future of such research. Since the election of George Bush in the United States in 2001, persons and groups hostile to sex research have become increasingly emboldened. From the targeting of four federally-funded projects in 2002, to the “hit list” compiled by the Traditional Values Coalition naming more than 190 researchers (DeLamater, 2005), many observers predict an increasingly hostile atmosphere and fewer resources for research on human sexuality. Given that several of our pressing social problems involve sexual expression, and that sexual health is or should be the right of every person (WAS, 2005), this would be a giant step backward.