A diamante is a poem in the shape of a diamond that is seven lines long. Like a cinquain, they also have a recipe.
The line pattern goes like this:
Line 1. Noun
Line 2. Two Adjectives
Line 3. Three Participles
Line 4. Four Nouns
Line 5. Three Participles
Line 6. Two Adjectives
Line 7. Noun
A concrete poem takes the shape of the object the poem is describing. The words become the shape of the poem.
An acrostic poem uses a word (usually the poet’s name) to write a descriptive poem about the named person. Any word will work.
Formed by writing a word vertically down the page
One letter per line
All capital letters
Each line of poetry must begin with the letter on that line and must pertain to the word
May use one word or a phrase
Does not have to rhyme
Use adjectives and phrases that describe the word
A limerick is a poem that is highly controlled. Lines 1, 2 and 5 rhyme; Lines 3 and 4 rhyme. This type of poem also has a meter or beat.
Free verse is almost any type of poem today. Free verse poetry is patterned by speech and images rather than by regular metrical schemes. Freedom applies not only to freedom from traditional meter, but freedom to use visual and sound effects as desired – for surprise, thickening of meaning, symmetry, repetition, or simply for fun. Lines can also be shortened for speed, or segmented into clots of words or syllables to slow down the reading or comprehension.