GENDER-DISAGGREGATED DATA ON WATER AND
! Public expenditures: The scale and nature of public sector expenditures on investments for water, and the gender-differentiated impacts of those expenditures, are usually not tallied. For example, it is rare to have information on whether expenditures are directed towards hardware/software, hygiene and sanitation promotion, in rural and urban areas, how funds are distributed across communities, and the extent of funding directed to maintaining sustainability of services. The extent to which public funding is directed to women’s groups working on water and sanitation is largely overlooked.
! Public and school-based water and sanitation: Sanitation is not just a household matter; basic information is lacking on the nature of/ state of sanitation provision in public places and especially the extent to which public/ private provision is made for women’s/ girls’ menstrual needs. Data on the prevalence of open defecation on water and land by male/ female, girls/ boys are needed. Data are largely not collected on the presence/absence of public and school facilities, but more importantly, ranked indicators of conditions, availability, and quality are needed. Data needs to be collected on toilets at school and on what is counted as a school toilet; if toilets are not designed to serve girls, they should not be counted (“serving girls” adequately would include having sex-segregated toilets, adequate provision for sanitary supplies and disposal, toilets that allow privacy, that are at an appropriate distance from the school building for girls).
! Health, Sanitation: Much health data already are disaggregated by gender, but not necessarily then linked to water/ sanitation.
! Survey Methodology: Most surveys on water and sanitation do not provide gendered information on who is interviewing/ being interviewed.
6 | Summary Indicator Table
The following table gives a summary of data collection needs, indicators and methodologies proposed.
use of water within households (productive/
gender-specific water/ sanitation priorities
gender and modes of transportation in water
gender differences in access to safe and clean
gendered views of the safety of access to water
supplies or sanitation facilities;
violence against women/ girls in the context of
water collecting or using sanitary facilities;
the disposal of fecal wastes, at the household
level and in public sectors
the gendered workforce responsible for
disposal of wastes in urban areas
SA N I T A TI O N