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Saint Martin’s University Biology Journal

furunculosis occurred at a nail salon (Winthrop et al., 2002). In September of 2000, a physician in Northern California studied 4 patients. The physician described

that these four culture-negative

patients had persistent boils on the lower

extremities, such as below the knees. All

around the knees, or four patients described

by

the

physician

received

pedicures

at

the

same nail salon. From this et al. (2002) conducted a

news Winthrop study using a

control group of M.fortuitum and

48 patients infected with 56 unaffected friends

and/or family pedicure at the

(customers) who had a same salon. In the research,

the M. salon

fortuitum was cultured from 13 of footbaths, and the toenails of

the 56

customers were compared by gel electrophoresis (Winthrop

pulsed-field et al.,2002).

As a with

result, M.

110 customers were identified

fortuitum

furunculosis;

34

customers

tested

positive

for

rapid

growing

mycobacterium, and most of the patients had more than one boil,

infected and all

infected patients Thirteen footbaths

M.

fortuitum.

had

footbaths

done.

at the nail Another

salon yielded

factor

that

contributed to the infection was Shaving the legs prior to getting a

shaving. pedicure

increased

the

risk

of

infection.

Winthrop

et

al. of

  • (2002)

    also concluded

    • M.

      fortuitum were

that the outbreaks associated with

surgical or clinical with water from a water system.

devices hospital

contaminated or municipal

Although acrylic nails may be enjoyed by many women, the negative effects often are ignored. Acrylic nails are hazardous in a hospital environment because the transmission of pathogens in nails, even after washing hands thoroughly, poses a health risk to patients under the care of a health care worker. Acrylic nails can also pose a risk to the customer getting her nails done because acrylic nails contribute to the growth of gram-negative bacilli and yeast

59

May 2006, Volume 1

(Perry et al., 2001). unsanitized salon tools

In most cases such as footbaths,

cuticle cutters, cuticle pushers, nail cutters, and nail filers often cause customers to

undergo

bacterial

infections

such

fortuitum

furunculosis.

Winthrop

(2002) revealed that nail cosmetics salons were hazardous to nail health

as M. et al. in nail and to

the body. importance

These of nail

studies focused on the health, negative effects of

nail cosmetics, tools used in the

and nail

bacteria salons.

found

on

the

In my proposed study, I will study bacterial growth in the nails of female college students. Beautifying nails are the “fad” (the “in” thing) in today’s society. But what lies beneath the nails are the potential

interested

to find

out

the potential

danger

that lurks

within

the

nails of the

college

bacteria

underneath

their

nails

than

females

danger that puts their health at risk. warnings are often told, but women don’t ever take these warnings consideration until they are affected.

The often into I am

females I that those

will be testing. My hypothesis is with acrylic nails will harbor more

with

native

nails,

because

infections

from

bacteria

(i.e.

Staphylococcus;

fungi

such

as

Candida (also viruses such as

known as yeast); warts) are common

and skin problems

associated hypothesis

with nails. My rationale for this are the many studies that show

bacterial and fungal infections can from artificial nails, usually in percentages than with native nails.

result higher

Methods

My study required 20 college female students (participants) – 10 participants had acrylic nails and 10 had native nails. However, I was only able to recruit 10 participants with native nails, and 8 with acrylic nails. College female students were chosen for this research, because it is common to find college female students

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