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observing communicating and interpreting data.

Strand II, CS1, E2, Science concepts into drawings

Strand V, CS1, E1, Earth’s Surface

what it consists of, classifying its features, and observing its elements.

The book Otis, is about a pig named Otis who, unlike all other pigs, does not like the mud.  Otis is different from the other pigs and has trouble finding friends. I chose this book because it has pictures of dirt and mud throughout the whole story and it gets the children thinking about mud, what it is and where it comes from.  

Key Question: what is sand made of?




Engage Activity

(Book & Discussion)

1-In front of the class, read aloud Otis.

2-inform the students that soil is another word for mud or dirt.

3-ask students what kinds of things they think soil is made of.

4-Have the students jot down a few elements. And have them share a few aloud after raising their hands.

Constructivist Theory

Students are using prior experiences to come up with what they think is in dirt/soil.

Brain Based Research

Students are sharing their information aloud.

Problem Based Learning

We are using real life experiences to describe soil.

Exploring Activities

(Outside Activity & Observations)

T.Q.P.D.A.C, added in yellow.

1-Students will walk outside as a class by a flower patch and by themselves, use their shovel to dig up a scoop of soil and put it into their Dixie cups.

2-They will then return to the classroom and sit down with their cup of soil sitting in front of them. Tap students prior knowledge about what they know is in the dirt.

3-Students will then dump their soil on a piece of paper

Constructivist Theory

Students are involved in scientific activity.

Multiple intelligence theory

Students are using bodily kinesthetic to explore their soil.

Brain Based Research

Students are working by themselves then discuss in

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