Veterans Recruitment Appointment (VRA), formerly the Veterans Readjustment Appointment, allows agencies to appoint veterans to certain positions in the civil service without competing. If you stay in that position and exhibit satisfactory performance for two years, you will be converted to receive all the protections given to a civil service employee.
Under another special hiring authority, veterans who are 30 percent or more disabled can request a temporary placement in a civil service position, which can lead to a permanent civil service placement if you perform well.
The Veterans Employment Opportunities Act (VEOA) of 1998 enables you to compete as a non-federal employee against current federal employees in the civil service system. If selected, you will be given a career or a career-conditional appointment.
Further details about special hiring authorities and required documentation can be found in the Vietnam Veterans of America Guide to Veterans’ Preference.