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Ellsworth Sourcewater Protection Plan December 2004 Rev. September 2005 Page 5 of 63

Ellsworth Sourcewater Protection Plan

I. Sourcewater Protection Program and Plan Purpose The ideal surface water drinking supply would have excellent natural water quality and

no potential contaminant sources (PCSs).

There would be

watershed and quality in many

no surface use. In Maine we are fortunate to of the fifty-two surface water drinking supplies.

no development in the have good natural water However, PCSs exist for

every surface water supply, development in shoreline, and recreational surface uses are

the watersheds continues varied and frequent.




Maine Rural Water Association (MRWA) believes that threats from many PCSs can be mitigated by proper construction, maintenance and operating techniques in the watershed, and responsible use of the resource. Therefore education, outreach and the ability to develop and maintain working relationships in the community are as important as the science of sourcewater protection.

The purpose of the Ellsworth Sourcewater Protection Plan is to reduce or eliminate potential and existing risks to the City of Ellsworth drinking water supply, Branch Lake. The plan consists of a series of tasks aimed at public education and watershed protection, while avoiding unnecessary adverse impacts to other activities in the watershed. The stakeholders plan to hold a public meeting to gain feedback on this document, and eventually have this document adopted by the City.

This plan was prepared by MRWA in cooperation with the National Rural Water Association. Program funding is provided by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) under the Sourcewater Protection Program (SWPP). The purpose of the SWPP is to provide technical assistance to rural and small communities in the development of sourcewater protection plans. Groundwork for the SWPP was laid by the Maine Department of Human Services Drinking Water Program (DWP) under the Source Water Assessment Program (SWAP). Potential threats to public water systems in Maine were identified under the SWAP, which is further described in Section V below. The SWPP brings the system and community into the implementation phase of sourcewater protection via these tasks:

  • Formation of a stakeholders group

  • Verification and update of the PCS inventory performed under the SWAP

  • Assessment of the Ellsworth Water Department (Water Department) ability to influence vulnerability to PCSs

  • Development of a sourcewater protection plan by stakeholders

  • Implementation of the sourcewater protection plan

  • Formation of a steering committee to update the plan over time and follow through on implementation

The subject Lake has been referred to historically as both “Branch Lake” and “Branch Pond”. The stakeholders have chosen to refer to it as “Branch Lake”. The local conservation group associated with it is called the “Branch Pond Association” (BPA).

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