© D.L. Crumbley
Frequent Terms (9)
Pleadings – papers in court, with copies to other parties, in preparation for bringing or defending a lawsuit.
Scienter – with intent to deceive; with guilty knowledge.
Voir dire – jury selection process; lawyers and judges ask.
Actus reus – brought about the criminal act.
Mens rea – caused the criminal act with guilty knowledge; state of mind indicating culpability. Staples v. U.S., 511 U.S. 600 (1994).
Preponderance of the evidence – greater than 50%. Civil trial.
Clear and convincing evidence – ca 70%.
Beyond a reasonable doubt – greater than 95%. Criminal trial.