© D.L. Crumbley
The Seventh Circuit had this to say about a trial court’s right to determine facts:
The trial court … has ‘the best opportunity to observe the verbal and nonverbal behavior of the witnesses focusing on the subject[s]’ reactions and responses to the interrogatories, their facial expressions, attitudes, tone of voice, eye contact, posture and body movements, as well as confused and nervous speech patterns in contrast with merely looking at the cold pages of an appellate record.
Source: United States v. Duarte, 1 F.3d 644, 651 (CA-7, 1993), cert. denied, 510 U.S. 1058, 126 L.Ed. 2d 688, 114 S. Ct. 724 (1994).