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GUIA DE ESTUDOS PARA O CONCURSO DE ADMISSÃO À CARREIRA DE DIPLOMATA

If Morales eventually emerges as Bolivia’s elected president, the relation of forces in the countries of the Andes will be changed, since comparable indigenous movements in neighbouring countries are also demanding their proper share of power.

A . TEXTUAL EXERCISES  (2 marks per correct answer)

a) Fill in the three gaps in the text above with an appropriate word or phrase.

I. “This predictable disaster brought hundreds of thousands of workless but highly politicised families to live at the gates of the capital city, from where they have been able to hold it to ransom  at will.”

II. “The shell of the state company, YPFB, still exists, and most Bolivians remain implacably hostile  to foreign ownership, but private oil companies have kept coming back.”

III. “When immense reserves of natural gas were discovered in the 1990s, some 50 trillion cubic feet at the last estimate, Bolivia became ever more attractive to external predators, its reserves second second  to those of Venezuela.”

b) Choose the most appropriate substitute for the words or phrases underlined:

I. Stop-gap: “… the resignation of the stop-gap president …”

(1) replacement

(2) dithering

(3) transient

(4) interim

(5) filler

II. Shell: “The shell of the state company, YPFB, still exists…”

(1) core

(2) husk

(3) wealth

(4) trappings

(5) wherewithal

B- SUMMARY:

Camilo Licks Rostand Prates (13,5/15)

The text discusses the recent crisis in Bolivia. Neo-liberal reforms in the country have caused thousands of unemployed Indians to migrate to the Chapare regions and to El Alto, on the outskirts of the capital, La Paz. These populations have organised large scale political demonstrations in the capital, demanding a more representative constitution and the nationalisation of oil and gas reserves, which have been exploited by private companies increasingly since the 1990s.

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