communications were also received and entered in the record.35 Generally, the testimony and submissions with respect to S. 3354 were favorable.36 However, while most agreed that the issue of
(Senate Report 3354, supra note 3, at 24. For example, in August, 1970, the National Governors' Conference adopted a policy position calling for a national land use policy. This policy statement was submitted to the Committee. The Governors proposed that a national land use policy should:
1.foster economic growth of all states and regions;
2.favor patterns of land use planning ... that are in accord with sound environmental principals and ... encourage the wise and balanced use of the nation's land and water resources;
3.favorably influence population distribution such that scenic, environmental and cultural amenities are available to all;
4.contribute to revitalizing existing rural communities and where appropriate new communities to offer diversity of opportunity and living style;
5.assist states to assume responsibility for major land use planning and management decisions that are of regional, interstate and national concern;
6.facilitate coordination between federal programs to encourage desirable patterns of land use planning.
7.systematize methods for exchange of information (environmental, land use and economic) to assist all levels of gov't in the development and implementation of the National Land Use Policy.
Background Papers I, supra note 1, at 28.
(For example, Professor Lynton Caldwell of Indiana University, a co-author of NEPA viewed the bill as an appropriate, timely measure, crucial to the future development of the country. He saw the principal objective of such a land use policy to be the creation of a coherent and effective system for wise land use. Professor Caldwell stressed the importance of a comprehensive, national land use plan. He asserted that the bill would facilitate more detailed studies of land use regarding population trends, resource depletion, water contamination, etc., so that problems could be anticipated and dealt with in advance. Professor Caldwell was asked to remain with the Committee to hear subsequent testimony and offer his opinions. Hearings on S. 3354 Before the Senate Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, 91st Congress, 1st Sess., at 29 (hereinafter Senate Hearings on S. 3354.) Philip Handler, President of the National Academy of Sciences noted that "the Academy is pleased to have this opportunity to comment favorably on the provisions of S. 3354 to strengthen federal support of programs that expand our basic knowledge about land use and strengthen our scientific understanding of the dynamics of economic and social growth. ... The program authorized by S. 3354 would provide constructive incentives for strengthening the scientific disciplines concerned with land use planning and improving the political mechanisms that manage regional and statewide growth. It thus represents an essential first step in our longer term objective of building a sounder and more objective basis for allocating public and private resources to developmental programs in a way that reflects a greater sensitivity to their consequences for society as a whole and their impact on the physical environment." at 11.