The sanctions provisions were also strengthened. If a state did not submit a statewide plan in accordance with the act within five years, no federal agency was permitted to undertake any new action or financially support any state action that may have a substantial adverse environmental impact.60 Proposed appropriations for the Act were $100 million annually for the grant in aid program and an additional $16 million for administration costs, including contract studies.61
Summary of S. 3354
As reported out of committee on December 14, 1970, S. 3354 was intended to afford maximum discretion to state and local governments. It provided funds to the states to inventory their resources and collect land related data. Based upon this information, the state would designate areas where development was desired, and should be encouraged, as well as areas where conservation was more appropriate. Plans were required to be submitted within 5 years and subject to review and approval by the Council.
The intent of the act was to create a framework for coordination of federal, state and local planning efforts, to avoid overlaps and inconsistencies. To further this objective, it included a system of forums to resolve conflicts and establish consensus.62 In Senator Jackson's opinion, controversies arose because federal agencies failed to consider the implications of their actions on the states. Additionally, Jackson believed that most federal, state and local projects were
(Id. at 16, § 315(a).
(Id. at 16, § 403.
(Id. at 22.