commenced prior to adequate planning. The Jackson bill, therefore emphasized future planning aimed at coordinating the actions of all levels of government. To Jackson, comprehensive planning was not an academic exercise but an integrative process where all involved agencies and the public worked together to develop a vision for their communities and state.
Although the focus of the legislation was on the role of the state, the Act recognized the long tradition of home rule in many areas across the nation and specifically provided for state delegation of authority and financial incentives to local governments.63 Strong incentives were also provided to encourage implementation of the state plans.64 Once approved, all federal actions were required to conform to the state plan. Thus, the Jackson vision saw the comprehensive land use plan as the key to organizing the future development of the state.
Although Senator Jackson planned to bring the bill for a vote on the Senate floor before the end of the year, Senator Muskie, exercising his senatorial prerogative, placed a personal hold on the
(Id. at 21.