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a uniform, federally mandated approach to land use planning.  What is needed, instead, is a framework for decisionmaking, much like the one proposed by Senator Jackson, twenty five years ago.

91st Congress - Senate Bill S. 3354

Background

On January 29, 1970, Senator Henry M. Jackson introduced S. 3354, the National Land Use Policy Act of 1970, in the Senate.3  Earlier that month, another seminal piece of legislation, the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA),4 had been signed into law by President Nixon.  Senator Jackson saw the land use planning bill as the logical next step in a national effort to provide a "quality environment for present and future generations of Americans."5

Provisions

The National Land Use Policy Act (LUPA), was originally proposed as an amendment to

    (CR, supra note 1, at 1757.  After introducing the bill, Senator Jackson was joined by Senators Church, Cranston, Curtis, Gravel, Harris, Hart, Hartke, Mansfield, McGovern, Metcalf, Moss, Nelson, Packwood, Ribicoff, Stevens, Williams of New Jersey, Yarborough, and Young of Ohio as co-sponsors.  S. Rep. No. 1435, 91st Cong., 2d Sess. (1970) at 23 (hereinafter Senate Report 3354).  Over 120 land use related bills were introduced in the 91st Congress.  Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, National Land Use Policy Legislation - 93rd Congress:  An Analysis of Legislative Proposals and State Laws (U.S. Gov't Printing Office,1973) at 3.  

    (42 U.S.C.A. § 4321 to 4370(d) (West, 1993).

    (CR, supra note 1, at 1757.

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