To a very great extent, all environmental management decisions are intimately related to land use decisions. All environmental problems are outgrowths of land use patterns. The collective land use decisions which the nation makes in the future will dictate our success in environmental management; and the land use decisions of today will shape the environment future generations will enjoy.170
S. 3354 provided money to states and local governments to improve their land use planning capabilities. After developing an inventory of natural resource and land use related information, states would create a comprehensive plan, establishing sanctuaries, in advance of need, for industrial, conservation and recreational areas.171 As drafted, the National Land Use Policy Act, like NEPA, was a flexible tool, providing an integrating and cooperative framework for land use decisionmaking. It encouraged states to think about the future, without mandating results.
But the United States, through its elected representatives, chose another path to environmental protection: command and control legislation. Although successful in certain respects, the environmental statutes each focus only on one specific topic: protecting either a
(Henry M. Jackson, Environmental Policy and the Congress, 11 Natural Resource Journal 403, 412 (1971).
(Henry M. Jackson, Toward A National Land Use Policy, from "A View From Capitol Hill," by Senator Henry M. Jackson, a speech at a conference on Ecology and Politics in America's Environmental Crisis held at the Center of International Studies, Princeton University, reprinted in Grant McClellan, ed., Land Use In the United States, Exploitation or Conservation (1971).