Evidence concerning the effectiveness of psychotherapies with children and adolescents. Remschmidt, H. (2003). Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 16(4), 389-393.
Purpose of review: Psychotherapies play an important role in the treatment of psychopathological disorders in children and adolescents. While there is no doubt that, in principle, psychotherapy can be effective in this age group, this does not apply to all psychotherapeutic interventions. It is therefore essential to find out which psychotherapies are effective in which patients and under which conditions. Recent studies investigating this question have focused on empirically supported psychotherapeutic treatments carried out in efficacy and effectiveness studies. A selection of these studies are discussed in this review. Recent findings: The major advantage in the development of psychotherapies in children and adolescents is the shift from unidimensional theory-bound treatments to empirically supported multidimensional and disorder-specific interventions. These types of interventions have successfully been applied to psychopathological conditions such as depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, eating disorders, and conduct disorders. Some studies have already identified processes that mediate therapy effectiveness, e.g. family interaction in behavioral parent training for conduct disorders. Summary: Several studies have confirmed the effectiveness of cognitive...
Counseling and psychotherapy with children and adolescents: Historical developmental, integrative, and effectiveness perspectives. Counseling and psychotherapy with children and adolescents: Theory and practice for school and clinical settings (4th ed.)
Prout, H. (2007). Hoboken, NJ US: John Wiley & Sons Inc. pp. 1-31.
This introductory chapter describes some of these issues: Historical perspectives, the mental health needs of children and adolescents and the need for services, developmental issues, the adolescent phase, the unique aspects of child and adolescent therapy, psychotherapy with adolescents, a multimodal view of treatment, practitioner concerns and patterns of practice, and research/efficacy issues are discussed. Throughout this chapter, the terms counseling and psychotherapy are used interchangeably
A 2-year follow-up of the effectiveness of traditional child psychotherapy.
Weiss, B., Catron, T., & Harris, V. (2000). Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68(6),
This study examined outcomes at a 2-year follow-up assessment for child psychotherapy as it typically is delivered in outpatient settings. The treatment condition (53 children, mean age = 10.5 years) and control condition (53 children, mean age = 10.0 years) were compared with regard to rates of linear and curvilinear change for psychopathology, adaptive functioning, and consumer satisfaction. Although both conditions showed curvilinear as well as linear improvement in behavioral and emotional problems, relatively little support was found for the effectiveness of traditional child psychotherapy or for the presence of a psychotherapy "sleeper effect."
Revisiting 'what works for whom?' A qualitative framework for evaluating clinical effectiveness in child psychotherapy.
Urwin, C. (2007). Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 33(2), 134-160.
This paper describes a framework for evaluating the effectiveness of child psychotherapy used by child psychotherapists in an inner city Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service (CAMHS). The Hopes and Expectations for Treatment Approach (HETA) involves using the assessment for psychotherapy that normally precedes treatment to derive a baseline from which to generate