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Operating Instructions - page 49 / 60





49 / 60


Explanation of terms

ª White balance adjustment

ª Automatic white balance

White balance adjustment recognizes the color of light and adjusts so the white color will become a pure white. The Camcorder determines the hue of light that comes through the lens and white balance sensor, thereby judging the recording condition, and selects the closest hue setting. This is called automatic white balance adjustment. However, since the Camcorder only stores white color information under several light sources, automatic white balance adjustment does not function normally under the other light sources.

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Outside of the effective range of automatic white balance adjustment, the image will become reddish or bluish. Even within the effective range of automatic white balance adjustment, the automatic white balance adjustment may not function properly if there is more than one light source. For light outside the functional auto white balance adjustment range, use the manual white balance adjustment mode. 1) The effective range of automatic white

balance adjustment on this Camcorder

  • 2)

    Blue sky

  • 3)

    Cloudy sky (rain)

  • 4)

    TV screen

  • 5)


  • 6)

    White fluorescent lamp

  • 7)

    Halogen light bulb

  • 8)

    Incandescent light bulb

  • 9)

    Sunrise or sunset

  • 10)


White balance adjustment determines the white color under different light sources. By recognizing which is the white color under sunlight and which is the white color under a fluorescent lamp, the Camcorder can adjust the balance among the other colors. Since white is the reference of all colors, the Camcorder can record pictures in a natural hue if it can recognize the reference white color.

ª Auto focus

Auto focus automatically moves the focusing lens forward and backward inside the Camcorder to bring the subject into focus. Auto focus has the following characteristics. Adjusts so that the vertical lines of a subject are seen more clearly. Attempts to bring an object with higher contrast into focus. Focuses on the screen center only. Due to these characteristics, auto focus does not work correctly in the following situations. Record pictures in the manual focus mode. Recording a subject with one end located closer to the Camcorder and the other end farther away from it As auto focus adjusts at the center of an image, it may be impossible to focus on a subject that is located in both the foreground and background. Recording a subject behind dirty or dusty glass The subject behind the glass will not be focused because the focus is on the dirty glass. Recording a subject that is surrounded by objects with glossy surfaces or by highly reflective objects The recording subject may become blurry because the Camcorder focuses on the objects with glossy surfaces or on highly reflective objects. Recording a subject in dark surroundings The Camcorder cannot focus correctly because the light information that comes through the lens decreases considerably. Recording a fast-moving subject As the focus lens-inside moves mechanically, it cannot keep up with a fast-moving subject. Recording a subject with little contrast A subject with little contrast, such as a white wall, may become blurry because the Camcorder achieves focus based upon the vertical lines of an image.



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