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(2)Origin and Rationale of Copyright

A.History

Statute of Anne 1709

Donaldson v Beckett (1774) 98 ER 257

B.Moral and economic justifications

(3)The subsistence of copyright

The 4 requirements for copyright protection:

(i)

Authorship - created by a ‘qualified person’ – ss32(4), 84, 184 CA (RR 2005 at 99).

(ii)

Subject matter – ‘works’ and ‘subject matter other than works’ – ss10, 32, 89-92 CA (RR 2005 at 99).

(iii)

Material form – ss10, 22 CA (RR 2005 at 98-99).

Nine Network Australia v Australian Broadcasting Corp (2000) 48 IPR 335

* Tate v Thomas [1921] 1 Ch 503 (MBG 2007 at 54)

(iv)

Originality – s32 CA (RR 2005 at 103).

* University of London Press v University Tutorial Press [1916] 2 Ch 601 (MBG 2007 at 62)

Kalamazoo (Aust) Pty Ltd v Compact Business Systems Pty Ltd (1985) 5 IPR 213

Feist Publications v Rural Telephone Service 111 S Ct 1282 (1991)

* Telstra Corporation v Desktop Marketing Systems Pty Ltd (2001) 51 IPR 257 (Full Fed Ct; HC Special Leave Application refused on 20/06/03) (RR 2005 at 104-146)

Nine Network Ltd v IceTV Pty Ltd [2008] FCAFC 71 (8 May 2008) (on appeal to High Court)

(4)Works

4 types of ‘works’ under Part III CA.

(a)Literary

(i)Types of literary works (RR at 104).

(ii)General principles

*University of London Press v University Tutorial Press [1916] 2 Ch 607

(iii)Short and insubstantial literary works

*Exxon Corporation v Exxon Insurance Consultants [1982] RPC 69 (RS 2005 at 81-82)

Ladbroke (Football) Limited v William Hill (Football) Limited [1964] 1 WLR 273 (RS 2005 at 76-77)

Francis Day & Hunter Ltd v Twentieth Century Fox Ltd [1940] AC 112

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